What is the Ulcerative Colitis Diet

People who suffer from ulcerative colitis will know which foods trigger their symptoms. The Ulcerative Colitis Diet is one of the best ways to control the disease by avoiding these foods that trigger the symptoms. Also, some research shows that certain foods may actually have nutrients that can ease the GI inflammation that goes along with ulcerative colitis, making the self management of the disease even easier.

How the Ulcerative Colitis Diet Works

The Ulcerative Colitis Diet has the goal of being a well balanced plan that contains high levels of protein, whole grains, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. The Ulcerative Colitis Diet is designed to give, those with the disease, energy and overall good health. Many people who have the disease will find that different foods will make their symptoms worsen and the Ulcerative Colitis Diet is adaptable to remove these items. While some people find that caffeine aggravates their ulcerative colitis, others cannot eat food high in fiber like raw vegetables.

Typically the Ulcerative Colitis Diet calls for the user to eat foods low in fiber, usually keeping their fiber intake betwenn 10 to 15 grams each day. This will keep their bowl movement frequency low and their intestinal transit time lower. While the overall goal of the Ulcerative Colitis Diet is to control symptoms, it does have weight loss benefits for users who are overweight. Since many people who suffer from ulcerative colitis risk signs of malnutrition due to the bouts of diarrhea that are common with the disease and because their GI tract is unable to absorb nutrients properly, this can cause them to feel weak and anemic.

This Ulcerative Colitis Diet is going to be high in folic acid and B12 because these are two nutrients that those with the disease are especially low on. Without the proper levels, those who suffer from ulcerative colitis can have a multitude of health problems. The Ulcerative Colitis Diet can help individuals avoid the need for dietary supplements, but many still might need to take the supplemants. Especially if dairy is something that they must avoid, they may need to take a calcium supplement with vitamin D because these are hard to get through non-dairy foods.

What Experts Say about the Ulcerative Colitis Diet

The Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America have concluded that those who suffer from ulcerative colitis can manage their disease with the Ulcerative Colitis Diet. They, as well as other health experts, believe that certain foods do cause the symptoms of ulcerative colitis to be more severe and cause inflammation. There have also been many recent studies that show the benefits of reducing the amount of linoleic acid they consume. Linoleic acid is a fatty acid that is essential and found in walnuts, wheat germ oil, sunflower oil, olive oil, coconut oil, lard, and sesame seed oil. While linoleic acid is an essential nutrient for everyone because it is a polyunsaturated fat, there is now evidence that it can cause inflammation if eaten in large amounts by people with ulcerative colitis.

Other studies have shown that an Ulcerative Colitis Diet that is high in eicospentaenoic acid, or EPA, can help to lower the activities of leikotriene (chemicals that cause inflammation). EPA is in the omega-3 fatty acid group that is high in fish oil. Several clinical trials show that participants who have very high doses of fish oil have less inflammation of all kinds, including those with ulcerative colitis. Even more studies show the benefits of probiotic yogurts for lowering the amount of inflammation for sufferers of ulcerative colitis who can handle dairy products.

Sample Ulcerative Colitis Diet Meal Plan


  • Omelet made with 1 egg
  • 1 piece white toast
  • 1 tsp. butter
  • ½ c. grits
  • ½ c. cranberry juice
  • Herbal Tea, caffeine free


  • Fruit smoothie:
    • 1 c. soy milk
    • 1 c. yogurt
    • 1 banana, ripe


  • 1 c. cream of mushroom soup, low fat
  • 3 tbls. tuna salad
  • 1 piece 4-inch white pita bread
  • 5 saltine crackers
  • Herbal Tea, caffeine free


  • ½ c. cottage cheese

Evening Meal

  • 4 oz. chicken, baked
  • 1 c. white rice
  • ½ c. carrots
  • 1 whole wheat roll


  • 1 c. cereal that is low in fiber
  • ½ c. skill milk or soy milk
Last Updated: Tuesday, February 7, 2012